Vegetable Oils Give Lift to FAO Food Price Index

GLOBAL - Global food prices rose slightly in September, as firmer prices of vegetable oils and to a lesser extent dairy products offset declining prices for staple cereal grains.
calendar icon 9 October 2017
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According to FAO, the Food Price Index averaged 178.4 points for the month of September, up 0.8 per cent from August and marking a 4.3 per cent increase from a year earlier.

The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change in international prices of a basket of food commodities.

The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index increased by 4.6 per cent, driven primarily by palm oil, although values for soy, rapeseed and sunflower oils also rose.

The FAO Dairy Price Index rose by 2.1 per cent from August, driven by butter and cheese prices at a time of supply constraints in Australia, New Zealand and the European Union. Meat prices were broadly unchanged.

The FAO Cereal Price Index declined by 1.0 per cent, as maize and wheat quotations fell in step with strong supply and harvest prospects. FAO expects the current growing season to yield record worldwide cereals output.

The FAO Sugar Price Index was unchanged for the month, but it was about 33 per cent below its year-ago level - a decline due to oversupply in world markets and a slowdown in demand.

Cereal inventories head for a new high

FAO updated its global cereal production forecast for 2017, raised to 2612 million tonnes, or almost 7 million tonnes above the record set in 2016, according to the Cereal Supply and Demand Brief, also released today.

September's forecasts were raised on account of robust wheat production trends in the EU and the Russian Federation and expected maize outputs in China and the United States of America.

FAO now forecasts 750.1 million tonnes of wheat to be harvested in 2017 and 1361 million tonnes of coarse grains, as well as 500.7 million tonnes of rice, slightly down from the previous forecast but close to last year's record output.

FAO forecasts world cereal stocks by the close of seasons in 2018 to reach a new all-time high of 720.5 million tonnes. That would take the stocks-to-use ratio of cereals - an indicator of the likely price direction - to 27 per cent, well above the historical low of 20 per cent registered exactly a decade ago.

The ratio is even higher - 34.6 per cent - for wheat due to significant inventory build-ups in China and Russia.

World trade in cereals is expected to rise slightly over the marketing year to reach 403 million tonnes, a new record, led by much larger maize imports by China, the EU and the Islamic Republic of Iran. While Russia is set to consolidate its role as the world's largest wheat exporter, Argentina and Brazil are expected to be the main beneficiaries of the projected expansion in world trade in coarse grains.

You can view the FAO Food Price Index by clicking here.

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