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UK Farming Statistics

17 October 2013

UK Farming Statistics - Provisional Crop Areas, Yields and Livestock Populations at June 2013UK Farming Statistics - Provisional Crop Areas, Yields and Livestock Populations at June 2013

This release contains provisional estimates for land use, crop areas and livestock populations on agricultural holdings in the UK and the size of the UK cereals and oilseed rape harvest for 2013. Final results will be published on 19 December 2013. Results are not yet available for poultry, horses, goats, farmed deer, camelids and labour numbers. These will be published with the final results on 19 December 2013. Wales do not produce provisional results for crop areas and livestock numbers so 2012 for Wales have been carried forward to allow UK totals to be calculated for 2013.
UK Farming Statistics

The key results are given below:

Agricultural land areas

The total utilised agricultural area (UAA) in the UK has increased by 0.4% to just under 17.3 million hectares. The increases in areas of uncropped arable land and temporary grass have been partially offset by the decrease seen in the area of total crops.

Crop yields and production

Wheat: The provisional 2013 wheat harvest for the UK is 12.1 million tonnes, a decrease of 8.7% on 2012. This drop in production has been driven by the large fall in planted area, a decrease of 18% since last year to 1.6 million hectares. The decrease in planted area is a result of the prolonged wet weather leading to very difficult planting conditions. Improved yields have slightly offset the impact of the fall in area with yields increasing by 12% since 2012 to 7.4 tonnes per hectare.

Oilseed rape: The provisional oilseed rape harvest has shown a decline of 16% to 2.1 million tonnes for 2013. This has been the result of falls in both yield and planted area. The yield has decreased by 11% to 3.0 tonnes per hectare following the very poor weather over the winter and spring. The area has decreased by 5.2% to 716 thousand hectares.

Barley: Production for 2013 has shown a large increase of 29% to 7.1 million tonnes. This increase has been driven by the large increase in the area of Spring Barley planted which increased by 46% to 902 thousand hectares. The area of winter barley decreased by 19% to 313 thousand hectares following difficult planting conditions throughout the winter. The yield for barley increased by 6.2% to 5.8 tonnes per hectare.

Horticultural crops

The total area of horticultural crops has decreased by 4.9% between 2012 and 2013, now standing at 163 thousand hectares. Vegetables and salad for human consumption make up the majority of this area at 116 thousand hectares, a reduction of 6.0% from 2012.


The total number of cattle and calves decreased by 0.6% between 2012 and 2013 to just over 9.8 million. The breeding herd decreased by 2.2% to 3.4 million in 2013. The beef and dairy herds both saw reductions, falling by 2.8% and 1.6% respectively.

Pig numbers have seen an increase of 8.2% from 2012, now standing at 4.8 million. This is mainly due to the 9.4% increase in fattening pigs which has offset the 1.2% decrease in breeding pigs.

The UK population of sheep and lambs has risen by 0.3% to 32.3 million animals, largely due to the 1.5% increase in the female breeding flock to just under 15.5 million.

Estimates for poultry, horses, goats, farmed deer and camelids will be included in the final publication due on 19 December 2013.

Agricultural workforce

The total number of people working on agricultural holdings will be published on 19 December 2013.

Key country level changes

Figure 1 shows how the UK percentage change for certain items compares to the country level changes. The decreases seen in the wheat and potato areas in England have driven the larger UK level change. This is due to the largest proportion of these crops being grown in England.

Note: Wales do not produce provisional results for crop areas or livestock numbers, therefore 2012 figures are used to calculate provisional UK totals for 2013.

October 2013

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