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Second stage of Brazil's campaign against FMD started Nov 1

02 November 2021

The second stage of Brazil's national vaccination campaign against foot-and-mouth disease in 2021 started November 1st, according to the Brazil's Ministry of Agriculture.

At this stage, about 78 million bovines and buffaloes up to 2 years of age should be vaccinated. Vaccination will take place in most Brazilian states, according to the national vaccination calendar.

Of the 19 units of the Federation that carry out vaccination in this period, Amazonas and Mato Grosso are the only municipalities that do not yet have recognition of areas free from foot-and-mouth disease.

Vaccines must be purchased from authorized dealers and kept between 2°C and 8°C from acquisition to use – including transport and application on the farm. New needles should be used to apply the 2 ml dose on the neck of each animal, preferring the cooler hours of the day, to adequately contain the animals and apply the vaccine.

In addition to vaccinating the herd, the producer must also declare it to the animal health defense agency in his state. The vaccination declaration must be made online or, when this is not possible, in person at the posts designated by the state veterinary service within the stipulated deadlines.

In case of doubt, the guidance is for the breeder to look for the animal health defense agency in their state.

FMD-free zones without vaccination

The states of Acre, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Santa Catarina and part of Amazonas and Mato Grosso are recognized as free from foot-and-mouth disease without vaccination, and the application and sale of the vaccine in these regions is prohibited.

According to Pnefa's 2017-2026 Strategic Plan, Brazil continues to carry out actions to guarantee the status of a foot-and-mouth disease-free country and expand FMD-free zones without vaccination.

The goal is for the entire Brazilian territory to be considered free from foot-and-mouth disease without vaccination by 2026. Currently, around 70 countries have this recognition by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).

The last outbreak of the disease in Brazil occurred in 2006. Since 2018, the entire Brazilian territory has been internationally recognized as free from foot-and-mouth disease (zones with and without vaccination) by the OIE.

Foot-and-mouth disease

The disease affects cattle, buffaloes, goats, sheep and swine and brings losses and restrictions on the marketing of livestock products. Foot-and-mouth disease requires constant efforts from rural producers and health authorities to prevent its reintroduction in the country.



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