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Welfare Featured Articles

Do Trichothecenes Increase the Incidences of Mastitis and Laminitis?
Since their first discovery, more than 200 different trichothecenes (type A e.g., T-2 toxin and type B e.g., deoxynivalenol) have been documented....
Can Big Be Beautiful? Large-scale Livestock Units
Sustainability, or the 'capacity to endure' has three principal pillars: economic, environmental and social, according to Farmerslivery....
Pharmacokinetics and Effect of Intravenous Meloxicam in Weaned Holstein Calves Following Scoop Dehorning without Local Anesthesia
The common practice of de-horning is investigated by researchers from Iowa and Kansas State Universities. The paper focuses on the effects of using pain killers on the animal. ...
2012 - A Challenging Grazing Season Comes to an End
The AFBI review the grazing season as one of the most challenging growing seasons comes to an end....
Role of Breeding, Genetics in the Welfare of Farm Animals
Breeding for higher productivity may be associated with a deterioration in the welfare of farm animals but genetics can also contribute to solving issues such as aggression in pigs and laying hens, according to a recent review paper. ...
Clinical Findings and Treatment in Cattle with Caecal Dilatation
Caecal dilatation can usually be diagnosed in cattle based on clinical findings and treated conservatively or surgically, according to researchers at the University of Zurich, with hypocalcaemia the most common lab finding. They recommend surgery in cases...
New Study Maps Hotspots of Human-animal Infectious Diseases and Emerging Disease Outbreaks
A new global study mapping human-animal diseases like tuberculosis (TB) and Rift Valley fever finds that an "unlucky" 13 zoonoses are responsible for 2.4 billion cases of human illness and 2.2 million deaths per year. The vast majority occur in low- and...
Anaplasmosis in Iowa
In 2010 there was an increased number of cases of Anaplasmosis from submissions to the Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (ISU-VDL). Although the disease is not enzootic in Iowa it is observed regularly. Environmental conditions in...
Individual Factors Associated with L- and H-Type BSE in France
In what they believe is the first study of atypical cases of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in France, researchers based in Lyon found that the cases were detected in animals much older than for the classical form of the disease. There was a significant...
Keeping Cows Cool, Where do I Start?
Heat stress occurs when a dairy cow’s heat load is greater than her capacity to lose heat. Heat stress effects include: increased respiration rate, increased water intake, increased sweating, decrease in dry matter intake, slower rate of feed passage,...
Fly Management for Organic Dairies
Flies can decrease milk production and spread disease. In this article, Brad Heins, Extension Dairy Scientist with the University of Minnesota, looks at methods to control and management flies on organic dairies....
No Indication of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Norwegian Farmed Ruminants
All samples were negative for antibodies against C. burnetii, the bacterium that causes Q–fever, according to newly published research from Oslo. The estimated prevalence of infected herds was zero for Norwegian dairy cattle herds, beef cattle herds,...
Housing and Management Biggest Contributors to Welfare
Serious welfare risks to cattle and calves in the EU, identified in a scientific review by the EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), were associated with housing and management....
Risk Factors for Bovine Tuberculosis in Great Britain
Large herds and fattening herds are more likely to breakdown with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in all areas, according to researchers in the UK. In areas with lower perceived risk, the risk of breaking down increased with the number of animals brought in...
Gold and Nanotechnology Bring Viruses to Light
All that glitters is not gold, but it is in the case of nanotechnology that’s being used to develop detection tools for viruses that affect animals and people. Scientists at the Agricultural Research Service’s Center for Grain and Animal Health Research...
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