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Welfare Featured Articles

Housing and Management Biggest Contributors to Welfare
Serious welfare risks to cattle and calves in the EU, identified in a scientific review by the EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), were associated with housing and management....
Risk Factors for Bovine Tuberculosis in Great Britain
Large herds and fattening herds are more likely to breakdown with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in all areas, according to researchers in the UK. In areas with lower perceived risk, the risk of breaking down increased with the number of animals brought in...
Gold and Nanotechnology Bring Viruses to Light
All that glitters is not gold, but it is in the case of nanotechnology that’s being used to develop detection tools for viruses that affect animals and people. Scientists at the Agricultural Research Service’s Center for Grain and Animal Health Research...
Alternatives to Antibiotics in Animal Health
The history of antibiotic use in animal production and alternative strategies that work are reviewed by Sandra Avant of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in the latest issue of Agricultural Research. ...
Longitudinal Study on Morbidity and Mortality in White Veal Calves in Belgium
In a rare study of the health of veal calves reared commercially, researchers based in Ghent found an average mortality rate of just over five cent in the 15 groups they studied. ...
Dynamics of Salmonella Serotype Shifts in an Endemically Infected Dairy Herd
In cows from a typical dairy herd in the US, the prevalence of faecal shedding of Salmonella over the six-year study period ranged from eight per cent to 97 per cent, and most of them were shedding most of the time, according to researchers. Kentucky...
Determining How Breed and Longevity are Related
Texas AgriLife Research is trying to help the dairy industry determine how breed and conformation affects dairy cow longevity....
Combating Health Issues
Every day, new reports are published in newspapers worldwide reporting about the effects of antibiotic resistant bacteria and their consequences on human health, according to Biomin....
Diagnosis of Experimental H-Type and L-Type BSE in Cattle
Researchers in the UK have reported on their observation of two clinical syndromes and the diagnostic challenges presented by these two atypical forms of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Difficulty rising was a consistent feature of both disease...
Emerging Threats Quarterly Report - October-December 2011
After cases in Wales, the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratory Agency report for October to December 2011 has reported the first case of psoroptic mange in cattle in Northern England. ...
Dairy Cows Have individual temperaments
From a young age, dairy cows react differently from each other to stimuli from their surroundings. An animal’s temperament determines how it reacts in stressful situations, but may also influence its general health. In the future, temperament could...
Antihelmintic Resistance in Cattle
Anthelmintic resistant cattle nematodes have been reported in different regions around the world. However, in Western Europe the assessment of the problem relies largely on case reports and no prevalence data based on wide-scale surveys are available,...
Antibiotic Use in Livestock Under Increased Scrutiny
Antibiotics have been powerful tools in the development of livestock systems that produce a marvellous quantity of economical, safe and nutritious food in the United States. These products are not without risks and drawbacks, however. Increasing opinion...
Parasitic Gastro-Enteritis in Cattle
Reports of Haemonchus contortus in calves in the UK, as well as a case of the parasite in a water buffalo were reported as being detected by passive surveillance by the Veterinary Laboratory Agency in 2011. All were differentiated by molecular techniques...
Detecting Mycobacterium avium in Milk of Naturally Infected Cows
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the cause of Johne's Disease in cattle. Research by the University of Iowa looked at chemicals which can reduce the growth of non-specific microorganisms in milk while minimally affecting the recovery...
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