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USDA Cattle and Sheep


30 January 2012

January 1 Cattle Inventory Down 2 PercentJanuary 1 Cattle Inventory Down 2 Percent

The January 1 2012 cattle and calves inventory was lower compared to January 1 2011.
Cattle

Introduction

  • USDA Cattle Report - January 2012
  • What It All Means - Expert Commentary
  • In the News - What the Media Says

For a PRINTABLE VERSION of the full 15-page report in PDF format, including all the tabular data that is not shown in this article, please click here

USDA Cattle Report - January 2012

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2012 totaled 90.8 million head, 2 percent below the 92.7 million on January 1, 2011. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 88.1 million on hand in 1952.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 39.1 million, were down 2 percent from the 40.0 million on January 1, 2011.

  • Beef cows, at 29.9 million, were down 3 percent from January 1, 2011.
  • Milk cows, at 9.2 million, were up 1 percent from January 1, 2011.

Other class estimates on January 1, 2012 and the change from January 1, 2011, are as follows:

  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.4 million, down 1 percent.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 5.2 million, up 1 percent.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, down 1 percent.
  • Other heifers, 9.6 million, down 2 percent.
  • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.1 million, down 2 percent.
  • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.1 million, down 5 percent.
  • Calves under 500 pounds, 14.1 million, down 3 percent.
  • Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 14.1 million, up 1 percent.
  • The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 25.7 million, down 4 percent.

Calf Crop Down 1 Percent

The 2011 calf crop was estimated at 35.3 million head, down 1 percent from 2010. This is the smallest calf crop since the 34.9 million born during 1950. Calves born during the first half of 2011 are estimated at 25.7 million, down 1 percent from 2010.

Revisions

All inventory and calf crop estimates for July 1, 2010, January 1, 2011, and July 1, 2011 were reviewed using calf crop, official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. Based on the findings of this review, small adjustments of less than one-half percent were made to previously released inventory estimates by class and calf crop.

State level estimates were reviewed and changes were made to reallocate inventory and calf crop estimates to the United States total.

Cattle Inventory – United States: January 1

What It All Means - Expert Commentary

What the commentators and industry thinkers read into this data:

Ron Plain Ron Plain
Ron Plain: Semi-Annual Cattle Inventory Summary
USDA’s semi-annual cattle inventory report for January 2012 showed a continuation of the herd reduction that began in 2007, writes Ron Plain, University of Missouri.

Chris Hurt Chris Hurt, Purdue University
Cattle Producers Show Surprise Interest in Expansion
Chris Hurt comments on the latest USDA’s Cattle report.

Tim Petry Tim Petry, North Dakota State University Extension Service
In the Cattle Markets
The report confirmed what many cattle market observers had expected, writes Tim Petry, Livestock Economist at North Dakota State University Extension Service.

More to follow soon...


In The News - What The Media Says

More to follow soon.....

Reliability of Cattle Estimates

To review this information, including the Statistical Methodology, Inventory and Reliability, please download the PDF. USDA Cattle Report - January 2012 - USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

Published by USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)

DOWNLOAD REPORT:- Download this report here

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