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TheBeefSite Newsletter - 16 July 2014

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TheBeefSite
Wednesday 16th July 2014.
Mick Priestley - Editor

Mick Priestley
Editor


MSD Animal Health

Novus International

How Do We Mitigate Climate Change and Cattle?

Reducing beef’s environmental impact could hinge on the cattle industry rearing stock in less 'land-demanding' systems, a new study says.

A Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA paper has highlighted the importance of a Brazilian policy – the low-carbon agriculture programme – on addressing deforestation and forest degradation.

By altering the systems used to rear livestock, livestock emissions could be reduced by 736 million metric tons equivalent of CO2 per year, according to the study.

The lion’s share of this could be achieved through the ‘avoided emissions’ of the conversion of 162 Million hectares of natural land.

Defining ruminant production on feed composition, the study classifies systems on a sliding scale, moving from grass-based diets and grazing to increasing shares of concentrates in mixed crop-livestock and ‘landless’ systems.

The paper’s message is that ‘mitigation policies are most effective when they target land-use change’.

Providing markets and services allow and policy is ‘favourable’, alterations in land use or Livestock Production System Transitions (LPSTs) could contribute to a fifth of total emissions abatement.

Further reductions could come from reallocating land use regionally and internationally, which would work through providing ‘more productive land to animals’ and reducing ‘the carbon footprint from grassland and feed cropland expansion’.

The paper called on international cooperation to achieve this.

For cattle sustainability consultant, Dr Jude Capper, there are two key ways to work towards reducing land use per unit of beef produced.

She told TheBeefSite that moving towards housing systems is part of the solution, as is lifting productivity – one calf per cow per year.

“Improving productivity means getting closer to one calf per cow per year (100 per cent) than 90 per cent in the USA or 60 per cent in a number of regions,” said Dr Capper.

“This can be achieved through targets which include; improving weaning and finishing weight; and improving overall growth rate.”

As a guideline, this is ‘the most appropriate’ as it can be applied to any system, regardless of size or philosophy, she added.

“Changing from a pasture-based to a housed system would also reduce land use per unit of beef,” Dr Capper added.

“But although more efficient and thus reducing environmental impact, it wouldn’t necessarily be economically or socially sustainable for every region.”




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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Sense of Community Aids Establishment of Renewable Energy Cooperatives
The establishment of cooperative biogas projects is aided by strong community spirit, regional traditions and farmers' sense of responsibility for their local area, according to a new Italian study.

Control of Nuisance Algal Blooms in Ponds Used to Water Livestock
Algal blooms are best controlled by 'careful' use of herbicides and limiting the amount of nutrients entering the water,cattlemen in Georgia are being told.

Don't Rock the Boat While Breeding Heifers
Reproduction is sensitive to immediate changes in nutrition up until day 25, according to experts at a recent beef cow symposium.

Manage Grazing Use in Riparian Areas to Prevent Damage
Use timing and duration of grazing periods to minimise the damage of river side grazing and sure-up riverside banks and provide supplementary feeds away from the channel to avoid loading the channel with nutrients and pathogens.

Planting For Hope Midsummer Update: New Piglets Arrive and Plenty of Rain
Apollo Saku is a farmer, agricultural academic and project leader for Planting for Hope Uganda, a sustainable wealth creation programme aimed at empowering rural communities through farming and cooperative schemes.

Market Reports

USDA Feed Outlook - 15 July 2014
USDA WASDE - 11 July 2014

Global Beef Industry News

   United Kingdom

Beef Farmers Urged to Slaughter Sooner
Free Online Course Offered on Animal Welfare
Automatic Heat Detection: Expensive But Worthwhile
Bovine Viral Diarrhoea History of Calves Can Now Be Checked Online
Money to be Released for Tuberculosis Vaccination Research

   European Union

EU Council Meeting Addresses Organic Farming Regulation
Vion Food Restructures
EU Ag, Fisheries Committee to Discuss Organic Farming
EU Feed Production Slightly Higher in 2013

   Netherlands

Nutreco Expands Calf and Beef Cattle Research
Integrated Approach Vital to Reduce Food Waste and Loss

   Australia

US Pips Japan to Number One Grassfed Australian Beef Buyer
Weekly Australian Cattle Summary

   United States

Cattle Futures: Major Price Move On Horizon
Weekly Cattle Summary: Strong Exports and Boxed Beef Prices Continue
Cattle Futures: Negated Three Month Uptrend Suggests Market Top
US Corn Prices Drop: Will Corn Creep Back into Feed Rations?
Public Meeting to be Held on Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring
Cattle Futures: Bulls Hanging On, Thursday
Cattle Futures: Prices Close Lower, Wednesday
Marketing and the Ethics of Big Food
Wyckoff's Weekly Cattle Outlook: Bullish Market Remains

   Argentina

Argentina Denies Animal Health Protocol Breaches

   France

Charolais Beef Receives Protected European Status

   Germany

German Farm Economics 'Significantly Worse' than March

   Czech Republic

Cereal Harvest To Be Lower For Czechs

   India

India Raises Farm Credit to $133 bn during 2014-15
India to Launch TV Channel for Farmers Soon
Jharkand, Assam to get Agri Research Institute
India’s Food Grains, Oilseeds Estimates 264.4 MT in 2013-14
India’s Agri Exports Up 5.1 Per Cent in 2013-14

   Global

OECD and FAO See Lower Farm Prices
What Could Climate Change Mean for Agriculture?

   Brazil

Brazilian Beef Exports to Surge Further

   Belgium

Belgium's Veterinary Sector Reduces Antibiotic Use

   Ireland

Coveney Launches Annual Review and Outlook for Agriculture, Food and The Marine

   Korea, South

Korean Meat Demand Spikes Ahead of Harvest Festival

   Moldova

Moldova Accepts EU Veterinary Certificates

   New Zealand

New Genetics Resource Opens for Beef and Sheep Farmers
Farm Bodies to Unite on Environmental Lobbying

   Russian Federation

Four-month Meat Production Rises in Russia

   Uganda

Wider Use of Mobile Animal Health App Urged in Other Countries

   Tunisia

More FMD Reported in Tunisian Cattle, Sheep and Goats

Events/Promotions

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VIV Europe Digital 2014
VIV China 2014
EuroTier 2014

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