TheDairySite.com - news, features, articles and disease information for the dairy industry

TheBeefSite Newsletter - 08 May 2013

TheBeefSite Weekly Newsletter
You are receiving this email as you are a subscriber of TheBeefSite.com
The home of premium international beef news and information.
Is this email not displaying correctly?
View it in your browser.
TheBeefSite
Wednesday 8th May 2013.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley
Editor


Consider Electrolyte Diarrhoea Treatment for Spring Calves

Farmers are being advised to consult with vets before choosing calf diarrhoea treatments this spring.

Considerations about molecule ratios and ion balance are necessary to single out appropriate treatments. Dr Michelle Arnold, Extension Veterinarian, University of Kentucky has advised farmers to choose an electrolyte that will address all of the problems associated with calf diarrhoea.

Acidic blood (metabolic acidosis), low energy, dehydration and a critical sodium deficiency are among the key symptoms of calf diarrhoea. What Dr Arnold advises is to check that oral solutions will address all symptoms.

Firstly, sodium is a vital ingredient to replace what is lost in faeces. Glucose, citrate, acetate, propionate and glycine can all be included to encourage sodium absorption. These agents also encourage the absorption of water.

According to Dr Arnold, research points to 90-130 millimoles per litre to rehydrate the calf. But glucose or an amino acid such as glutamine or glycine are required by the small intestine in order to absorb the sodium.

The glucose to sodium ratio should be between 1:1 and 3:1. Dr Arnold has also recommended a  potassium inclusion of around 10-30 millimoles per litre as body stores are lowered as potassium also exits through the faeces.

In addition to these nutritional considerations, Dr Arnold has revealed details of a new theory that encourages farmers to use products that deliver more strong cations than strong anions.

This means that sodium and potassium (cations) concentration and chloride concentration (anions) should be present in the solution in a certain balance, or Strong Ion Difference (SID). Chloride should be around 40-80 millimoles per litre.

Dr Arnold has also advised choosing solutions with an alkanizing agent such as acetate or propionate to neutralise acidic blood pH. Bicarbonate provides an alkanizing solution but can cause digestive problems.

Acetate and propionate are sources of energy which bicarbonate is not. Moreover, bicarbonate interferes with milk clotting in the stomach and raises the pH of the abomasum, meaning harmful bacteria are not killed by the acidic environment of the stomach before passing through to the small intestine.

A final choice is whether to go for hypertonic solutions that have high glucose contents and provide the calf with energy or isotonic solutions. Isotonic solutions have similar particle concentrations to the bloodstream.

Hypertonics provide more calf energy but can cause abomasal bloat. Beef calves continuing to suckle should receive isotonic solutions.


The 5m Beef App is now available on your mobile.

Get the latest international beef news, in-depth feature articles, event details and more, delivered direct to your mobile device.

It's free and automatically optimised, giving you the best user experience.


TheBeefSite Book Focus

Calf and Heifer Rearing Calf and Heifer Rearing
This volume considers every aspect of calf rearing, from physiological principles to practical systems. If you are a technical adviser, researcher, veterinary practitioner or progressive farmer this book is for you.
Order Now Online

Nutrition and Feeding of Organic Cattle Nutrition and Feeding of Organic Cattle
Completing a trilogy of books specifically designed to address the feeding of organic farm animals, this text will be of particular interest to you as a producer, researcher, lecturer, feed manufacturer, food producer or veterinarian.
Order Now Online


This Week's Articles and Analysis

Strategic Use of Diagnostics
With such a wide choice of diagnostic tests available, Life Technologies explains how to choose the best option in any given situation.

Effects of Corn Steep Liquor Supplementation on Voluntary Selection of Tallgrass Prairie Hay Contaminated with Sericea Lespedeza and Uncontaminated Tallgrass Prairie Hay
Kansas plains are heavily infested with the noxious weed Sericea Lespedeza and for this reason a team of researchers at a Kansas State University conference were keen to show that feed additives may increase consumption of the grass weed.

Colostrum Supplements and Replacers: What is the Difference?
Instructions accompanying colostrum should be carefully read and followed, advises Janna Kincheloe Back, South Dakota State Univeristy Extension Research Associate who adds that quality colostrum should only contain 50g/l of primary immunoglobulin.

Adulterated Beef Just the Latest Challenge for Polish Livestock Producers
As the horsemeat scandal has advanced across Europe, many countries have been embroiled in regulatory upheaval with the Polish meat sector particularly feeling the pinch following the ritual slaughter review that took place this new year.

What to Look For in an Oral Electrolyte Product
The important features of calf diarrhea medication are outlined by Dr Michelle Arnold, Large Ruminant Extension Veterinarian, University of Kentucky.

Company News

Full Conference Programme at VIV Russia
RUSSIA - A full conference programme has been organised for VIV Russia, which takes place in Moscow on 21 to 23 May 2013.
EFSA Gives Positive Opinion on Mycotoxin Biotransformation
EU - The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has adopted a positive scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of Biomin BBSH 797. Part of the well-established Mycofix product line, this microorganism is capable of biotransforming trichothecenes into harmless metabolites.

Global Beef Industry News

   United Kingdom

Project to Help Beef Producers Reduce Water Usage
NADIS Forecast Heavy Fluke Burden This Spring
Better Access to Cattle History Could Limit TB Spread
Public Recognition of Benefits of Animal Medicines Growing
NOAH's Chairman for 2013
Business Summit Aims to Help Farmers
Latest Farm Animal Research Being Carried Out at FAI Farms

   Brazil

Vaccination Procedure Change

   India

Indian Beef Exports Revised Lower
Mizoram State Invests in Agriculture and Fisheries

   Australia

Australian Cattle Markets React to Dry Spell
Commission Predicts No Break From Drought
Weekly Australian Cattle Summary
Influx of Cattle Drives Record Export Start to 2013
Contented Cows Can Eat Weeds

   United States

Texan Pasture Still Drought Damaged
CME: Futures Close Higher, Wednesday
Cows' Looks Alone Can Fool Beef Herd Owners
Period of Transition Requires Minerals
CME: Cattle Futures Post Gains Over a Dollar on Thursday
Consumers Value “Locally Sourced” Food Despite Difficulties Defining
NFU Urges USDA to Stand Strong on COOL
CME: Cattle Futures Close Lower Friday
CME: Futures Soften, Sinking Over A Dollar on Monday
Weekly Cattle Summary
Maximising Forage in Winter Injured/Killed Stands
Hay Your Freeze-Damaged Wheat To Minimise Losses
Mixed Rate of Corn Consumption But Does It Matter?
March Beef Export Results Mixed; Pork Exports Trend Lower
Tyson Foods Has Weathered Second Quarter Challenges
CME: Futures Closed Lower on Tuesday

   Norway

Cattle Health Risks Mount as Ticks Advance Inland

   Global

Red Angus Genomes Used in Polled Genetics Breakthrough
Australia and New Zealand Unite Against Foot and Mouth
Higher Supplies Push South American Cattle Prices Down
Time for Change: Sustainability Events for Businesses

   Ireland

Farmers Association Launch Fodder Crisis Fund

   Ukraine

Subsidies Have Desired Effect on Herd Size

   Russian Federation

Authorities Continue to Strive Against Dangerous Diseases
Government Bumps Up Breeding Regulations
Russian Feed Sector Continues to Expand

   China

FMD NEWS: OIE Reports More FMD in Tibet
Police in Major Crackdown on Tainted Meat
OIE Reports More FMD in Tibet
Five Year Beef Import Increase Over 1000 Per Cent

   Argentina

New Rules Introduced For Quality Beef Destined For Russia

   European Union

EC to Recover €230M of CAP Expenditure from Member States
EC Adopts Smarter Rules for Safer Food

   New Zealand

Beef and Sheep Sector Increases Eco-efficiency

   Colombia

Chinese Delegates to Assess Columbian Meat Hygeine

   Denmark

Research Could Lead to Nitrous Oxide Breakthrough

   Austria

Newcomers Impress in April

   Palestinian Territory

OIE: More Bluetongue Outbreaks in the West Bank

   Taiwan

Taiwan Remains Reliable US Grain Customer

   Mexico

Study Highlights Need for Caution over Beef Pathogens

Events/Promotions

swinecast-your-connection-at-your-convenience
The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
Biomin - Mycotoxins
Animalia 2013
VIV

Sponsors



Partners

Biomin - The Natural Way
More on VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant


Advertisers

DNA Landmarks - dedicated to delivering DNA marker services to the agricultural industry
Animax Veterinary Health
The Pig, Poultry, Beef, Fish, Dairy, Meat, Cattle, Crop & Bioenergy Sites From 5M Publishing From 5M Publishing

unsubscribe from this list | update subscription preferences

Our Sponsors

Partners


Seasonal Picks

British Field Crops 2nd edition