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TheDairySite Newsletter - 3 May 2013

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TheDairySite
Friday 3rd May 2013.
Michael Priestley - Editor

Michael Priestley
Editor


Forage Challenges Arise With Changing Seasons

As both hemispheres progress through a transition period between seasons, farm managers are being posed with difficult forage and grazing questions.

Early assessment of hay stands is therefore advisable, according to Jim Poulson, Dairy Extension Educator at the University of Minnesota.

Pasture with over 50 growing stems per square foot should yield full potential but fewer than 40 stems per square foot is indicative of low yields.

If in doubt over nitrogen costs then Mr Poulson suggests splitting applications over three visits to reduce loss through run off and leaching.

He also proposes nursing grass seedlings with early maturing varieties of barley, triticale or oats to increase yield. Mid-West based research shows possible yields of two to three tons per acre.

This could be good news as grass will continue to be limited for many dairymen across America. Mr Poulson’s rule is that temperatures of 41° F are required for Alfalfa to break dormancy.

Contrastingly, heat in New Zealand and Australia has not been a problem. Farmers struggling against drought conditions have been grateful of adverse event declarations and emergency forage shipping.

But as the cold weather looms ever closer New Zealand farmers are looking to renovate damaged pastures with nitrogen applications to green up land before the cold season sets in.

North Island advisers are also urging farmers to embrace opportunities to buy emergency forage to ensure stocks last after the most severe drought many can remember.

The ‘NZ$2 billion dollar drought’ will leave a lasting impact on the following season with government drought declarations not being lifted before the end of September, farmers are being told.

Around 220,000 bales of South Island hay has been put aside for north islanders. Due to recent rains demand has slowed but David Clark of Federated Farmers has warned that farmers should look at buying in forage as it will not be available in the coming months.

While demand for south island feed is petering out, Irish farmers have been offered a much needed life line during what the Irish Farmers Association (IFA) has called ‘the worst forage crisis in living memory’.

By drawing on a range of resources, including the Irish Farmers Journal, the IFA has amassed a fodder crisis fund of €1million.

Transport subsidies of up to €750 are available for UK sourced fodder from Irish marts and merchants. For trips under 250 kilometres, transport subsidies of €500 per load will be provided.


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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Early Season Forage Supplies
Drilling an early maturing variety of barley, oats or triticale as a small grain nurse crop could provide the answer to forage issues experienced this winter, says Jim Poulson, Dairy Extension Educator at the University of Minnesota.

Adjusting Turnout Dates To Meet Range And Weather Conditions
Precipitation rates in Dakota have caused concern for cattle producers over soil condition of the State's rangelands. Pete Bauman, South Dakota State University looks at how to arrive a suitable turn-out date for the 2013 livestock grazing season.

World Dairy Summit: 2013
Dr Phil Kelly reports on the International Dairy Federation’s World Dairy Summit 2012, which took place in Cape Town, South Africa.

Florida Dairy Industry Statistics: Herd Performance Measures and Benchmarks
Wide ranging aspects of Florida dairy herds are analysed in this paper from University of Florida including lactation peak and milk quality. The huge swings in herd numbers across the state show quick recovery from the 90's decline by K.G. Arriola and A. De Vries.

Accurate Prediction of Genomic Breeding Values Across Families Combining Linkage Disequilibrium and Co-Segregation
Prediction inaccuracies of linkage disequilibrium are a problem to geneticists, however a team of researchers has looked into a 'linear mixed model' with the benefit of greater accuracy.

Market Reports

USDA Dairy Products - 2012 Summary (April 2013)
UK Milk Prices and Composition of Milk – March 2013
USDA Agricultural Prices - 30 April 2013
Irish CSO: Milk Statistics March 2013
UK Total Income from Farming 2012 - 1st Estimate
USDA Dairy Products Sales Report Highlights - 1 May 2013

Global Dairy Industry News

   United Kingdom

Dairy Innovation Championed by Pharmaceuticals Company
New Grassland Recommend List Announced
Farmers Given Advice on Straw Buying
2012 Weather Dents Farming’s Bottom Line
First Milk Strives to Highlight British Heritage
DairyCo Report Shows Diversification From Milk Buyers
NADIS Forecast Heavy Fluke Burden This Spring
Better Access to Cattle History Could Limit TB Spread

   United States

Market Sales of Cattle, Hogs Up in 2012
New Bill Opens Way for Migrant Workers
How Large Does the Corn Crop Need to Be?

   China

Food Prices Remain Stable
Sino-French Agreement on Meat and Agricultural Exports

   Russian Federation

Agricultural Bank to Support Milk Producers
Authorities Continue to Strive Against Dangerous Diseases
Government Bumps Up Breeding Regulations
Arla Concretes Russian Position

   Zambia

OIE: Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia Outbreak in Zambia

   Global

Celebrating World Veterinary Day
Strategically De-worm to Limit Parasite Burden
Farm Expansion Possible Due to Future Milk Demand
G-8 Members Agreed to New Alliance for Food Security, Nutrition Initiative
Red Angus Genomes Used in Polled Genetics Breakthrough

   Nicaragua

Dairy Review Looks at Continuing Improvements

   Brazil

Government to Regulate Raw Milk Cheeses
BRF Profit Soars
Vaccination Procedure Change

   Venezuela

Food Security Policies See Upturn in Production

   European Union

EFSA Reports on Safety, Efficacy of Fumaric Acid in Feed

   Paraguay

Paraguay Officially Above Mexico in Beef Exports

   New Zealand

Farmers Given Option of More 'Certain' Contracts in Pilot

   France

Ombudsmen Arrives At Milk Price Formula

   Ireland

Farmhouse Cheese Sector Reports Successful Year
Farmers Association Launch Fodder Crisis Fund

   Norway

Cattle Health Risks Mount as Ticks Advance Inland

   Australia

Commission Predicts No Break From Drought
Weekly Australian Cattle Summary

   Ukraine

Subsidies Have Desired Effect on Herd Size

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