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TheDairySite Newsletter - 30 March 2012

Welcome to this week's newsletter

Editorial: Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change

Investment in sustainable agriculture, using science and policy to encourage sustainable intensification and reducing loss and waste in the food system are a number of recommendations made by the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change to tackle food security in the face of climate change.

The problems

Despite more than one billion people in the world being undernourished, one-third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted. Demand for agricultural products and food is growing, pushing up prices.

The threat of climate change looms, with extreme weather becoming more and more the norm. On top of that 12 million hectares of agricultural land are lost each year to land degradation.

Land clearing and inefficient practices make agriculture the largest source of greenhouse gas pollution on the planet, says the report by the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change.

The solutions?

The Commission has outlined seven recommendations, which it hopes will be considered by governments, international institutions, investors, agricultural producers, consumers, food companies and researchers. They call for changes in policy, finance, agriculture, development aid, diet choices and food waste as well as revitalised investment in the knowledge systems to support these changes.

Raising the level of global investment: It is time to realise that farms of every size all over the world are fundamental to human nutrition and economic well-being, but they are also facing critical choices with significant implications for the way we manage the planet for long term sufficiency, said the report.

Mobilise science and policy for sustainable agriculture: Alternative agricultural practices have the potential to deliver benefits for both adaptation and mitigation of climate change.

The Commission’s report cites recent evidence that closing the gap between potential and actual yields for 16 major crops could increase productivity by more than 50 per cent. To produce enough food for the world's rapidly growing population, much greater investment is needed to dramatically increase agricultural yields now and in the long-term.

Subsidies for water irrigation and the large usage of chemical fertilisers are both examples of inefficient practices. Instead policy should support economically and environmentally sound farming practices, that conserve natural resources.

Reshaping food systems: If we do not start to make use of the tools at our disposal to encourage eating choices that are good for people and the planet, we must resign ourselves to a growing diet-related disease burden, the report cautioned.

What next?

The report urges stronger follow-through on the 2009 G8 L’Aquila commitments to provide $20 billion for agricultural development in poor countries, incorporating food security and sustainable agriculture programmes into funding.

To operate within a ‘safe space’ for people and the planet, we need to balance how much food we produce, how much we consume and waste and how much agriculture contributes to further climate change, the report concludes.

At the Rio+20 Earth Summit in June 2012, Commissioners will urge governments to make financial commitments for regionally-based research, implementation, capacity building and monitoring to improve agriculture and food systems.

Charlotte Johnston

Cow Signals Training Books

* This Week's Feature Articles

We have 4 new features this week:

Dairy Farming in Lithuania
Stuart Lumb writes for TheCattleSite about a recent visit to Lithuania, where he visited the Litagra Group.
Sale of Raw Milk in Northern Italy: Food Safety Implications and Comparison of Analytical Methods for Detecting Foodborne Pathogens
All pathogens investigated were detected in raw milk sold from vending machines, according to new research from Italy. They found that raw milk is a significant source of exposure Mycobacterium avium subsp. and that the official culture method (ISO) may be ineffective in detecting low contamination levels in milk.
Occurrence and Characteristics of ESBL–Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Animals, Minced Meat and Raw Milk
Researchers based in Switzerland found relatively high rates of extended–spectrum beta–lactamase (ESBL) producers in pigs, cattle, sheep and chickens and they expressed concern about the high genetic diversity among these isolates, which they said indicates an established reservoir in farm animals.
Dairy Cows Have individual temperaments
From a young age, dairy cows react differently from each other to stimuli from their surroundings. An animal’s temperament determines how it reacts in stressful situations, but may also influence its general health. In the future, temperament could be bred as a selective trait to improve the robustness and wellbeing of dairy cows. This is the conclusion reached by zootechnician Kees van Reenen, who will receive a PhD from the University of Groningen on 30 March 2012.
Animax Veterinary Health
* Market Reports

 » United States Cattle on Feed Up Three Per Cent
 » Irish CSO Milk Statistics February 2012
 » UK Milk Prices and Composition of Milk

* Company News

Kick-Start Respiratory Vaccination at Turnout
US - Using an intranasal vaccine at branding or summer turnout can help producers prepare calves to kick-start their fight against bovine respiratory disease (BRD), according to Dr Michael Nichols, DVM, Cattle and Equine Technical Services, Pfizer Animal Health.
* Global Dairy Cattle Industry News

   Global

 » Bid to Move World Trade Talks Forward
 » DNA Based Vaccine Effective FMD Protection
 » Don't Dismiss Critics, Work to Make Livestock Sustainable
 » Epigenetics: The Next Frontier in Livestock Genetics
 » Global Investment in Sustainable Agriculture Needed

   United Kingdom

 » Bovine Psoroptic Mange Spreading
 » Industry Day: Healthy Food from Healthy Animals
 » McDonalds Steps Up Support for Farmers
 » Cattle Schmallenberg Cases Increase in UK
 » Campaigns Against Live Exports Continue
 » Government Think Tank Condemns Badger Culling
 » FSA to Take Over Dairy Hygiene Inspections
 » New Team to Lead NFU Livestock Board
 » E.Coli Warning from Excessive Antibiotic Use
 » Vets Urge Caution over Claims in ‘Superbugs’ Report
 » Minister Outlines Export Opportunities
 » Tesco Drops Milk Price in line with Cost Tracker
Pfizer Animal Health
   United States

 » Judge Withdraws Approval for Antibiotics in Feed
 » CME - Futures Higher on Day
 » March USDA Reports and Beyond
 » Opposition to Supply Management Continues
 » CME: Grain Markets Await Plantings & Stocks Report
 » Weekly Roberts Market Report
 » Opportunity for Grass Based Dairies Recognised
 » Changing Dynamics of Food Animal Production
 » CME: Cheese Commercial Disappearance Now Higher
 » New Alfalfa Variety, Big Boost to Dairy Industry
 » CME: Spot Butter Continues to Lose Ground
 » AVMA Responds to Court Ruling on Antibiotic Use
 » REAL Logo to Promote US Made Dairy Products
 » CME: Live Cattle Futures Continue to Retreat

   New Zealand

 » Continuation of Strong Science Focus Urged
 » New Migrant Dairy Guides Launched
 » Pasture Renewal a $3.8 billion Economic Windfall
 » NZ Closes Livestock Tax Loophole
 » Proposed Bill to Encourage Trading Among Farmers
 » Dairy Industry Restructuring Bill Vital to All
 » Fonterra on Track to Break the NZ$20 Billion Barrier

   Germany

 » DLG Symposium Focuses on Dairy

   Australia

 » Leucaena Thrives in South Queensland
 » Strong A$ Dampens Farmers Confidence

   Egypt

 » New Strain of FMD Cripples Livestock Sector
 » FMD NEWS: FMD Breaks Out in Egyptian Regions

   Colombia

 » $500 billion for Dairy Sector Improvements

   Philippines

 » Dairy Consumption in the Philippines Growing

   Ireland

 » Ireland Presses for Decision on Ag Policy Reform
 » Making the Most of Colostrum
 » Sexed Semen in Irish Dairy Herds

   Mexico

 » Mexico Bans Genetic Imports from EU
 » Mexican Cattle Supplies Influenced by Drought
Genus - Value through science and genomics
   European Union

 » ForFarmers Group to Acquire BOCM PAULS

   Canada

 » Canada & Manitoba Partner to Protect Animal Health
 » Cost-Effective Feed Critical to Livestock Production

   Uruguay

 » Uruguayan Cattle Slaughter to Fall in 2012

   Viet Nam

 » Meriden Exhibits at Ildex Viet Nam

   Indonesia

 » Nestle Develops Dairy in Indonesia

That's all for this week!

Ed.
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