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Cuts to Farm Animal Health Surveillance Could Risk New Diseases Going Undetected

10 December 2013

UK - The Royal College of Pathologists warns that the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs’ (Defra) plan to down-size its network of laboratories and reduce animal post-mortems puts at risk the health of livestock, including cattle, sheep and pigs, and means new and re-merging infections could be missed.

These diseases may be transmitted to humans so the health risks are shared by the public and this could hit consumer confidence in a livestock industry worth over £10 billion.

Defra’s plans are not based on sound evidence and lack detail. Defra has failed to explain to the College how outsourcing tests to services outside its control will provide high-quality, effective testing. The College recommends that, until a more credible plan is in place, the present network of laboratories should be adequately resourced while alternative sources of funding and efficiency savings are sought. The College has offered to help Defra to design a new system including improved training in pathology.

Dr Archie Prentice, President of The Royal College of Pathologists, said, "The current surveillance system is a success. It protects public and animal health and breeds confidence in a multi-billion pound livestock industry. The savings made in these proposed cuts are small compared to the health and financial risks they bring.

"If dismantled, the expertise, knowledge and trusted collaboration with farmers and veterinary surgeons could be lost. It is essential that any cost saving should not be at the expense of consumer safety, confidence in the livestock industry or animal welfare."

As well as the protection of animal welfare, animal disease surveillance is a key component in the detection of new and emerging risks that may have an effect on human health,

Dr Prentice added, "Prompt laboratory analysis was the pivotal component of the identification of Schmallenberg virus and laboratory diagnostics have improved greatly in the last decade. If current molecular and cellular pathology techniques were applied to a case of BSE ("mad cow disease"), confirmation that it was a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy could be confirmed within days.

"We should be looking for ways to sustain and improve expertise in veterinary pathology. In common with the majority of respondents to the Surveillance 2014 consultation, we fear the current proposals - which seem to be based on unfounded opinions and untested assumptions - are likely to damage it."

Further Reading

Find out more information on various pig diseases by clicking here.

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