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New FMD Outbreak in Chinese Taipei

16 February 2010

TAIWAN - The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has reported a new outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in the country's swine herd.

The Taiwanese veterinary authorities have reported to the OIE that the disease was first detected on 12 February 2010, and confirmed on 13 February.

A total of one outbreak has been confirmed at Makung City in P'eng-hu after antigen (Ag) detection ELISA, reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and virus isolation tests were conducted in the country's Animal Health Research Institute.

Six pigs, which had been previously shipped to Penghu Island for slaughter from Taiwan Island, were found with vesicular lesions in a detention pen of the slaughterhouse. The incident was reported by the prefecture animal disease control competent authority and the sick pigs were immediately destroyed on 12 February 2010 after sampling. Enforced biosecurity measures including movement control, cleaning and disinfection are implemented.

Positive results were obtained by the national laboratory by virus isolation, RT-PCR and antigen detection ELISA tests confirming that those pigs were infected with serotype O of foot and mouth disease virus.

Tracing back to the farms of origin, movement control as well as epidemiological surveillance were initiated.

The cause of the outbreak remains inconclusive.



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