The Canchim originated in Brazil around 1922 to improve Brazilian beef cattle breeding.
In the last century Zebu cattle (Bos Indicus) were introduced to Brazil which were extensively crossbred with herds of native cattle. This was originally done to improve the beef breeding in the country, which it did but the Zebu were found inferior to European breeds in terms of precocity and meat yield and it was decided that genetic improvement was required.
The European breeds could not simply replace the original cattle as they could not perform as they do in temperate climates in Brazil plus factors such as parasites and disease would affect them.
The European breed used in the formation of Canchim cattle was Charolais. According to research at the time, Charolais cattle were chosen because of its high yield and display of pre-requisites for adaption to Central Brazil. more...